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How to Use Disinfectant Correctly?


During the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic, disinfectants should be used rationally, following the "five strengthening and seven inadvisable", so as to truly cut off the transmission route and control the epidemic of infectious diseases.

"Five Strengthenings": Disinfect at any time and terminally in isolation wards and patients' residences; increase the frequency of disinfection on the surfaces of environmental objects in densely populated places such as hospitals, airports, stations, etc.; strengthen cleaning and disinfection of high-touch door handles and elevator buttons; Garbage, feces and sewage shall be collected and treated in a harmless manner; personal hand hygiene shall be done well.

"Seven unsuitable": It is not suitable to carry out large-scale disinfection of outdoor environment; it is not suitable to carry out air disinfection of external environment; it is not suitable to directly use disinfectant (powder) to disinfect personnel; it is not suitable to add disinfection to ponds, reservoirs, artificial lakes and other environments disinfectant (powder); do not use chemical disinfectants to disinfect the air (space) under the condition of people; do not use glutaraldehyde to wipe and spray the environment; do not use high-concentration chlorine-containing disinfectants (effective chlorine concentration greater than 1000mg/L) for preventive disinfection.

Ⅰ. Disinfectant use principles

1. Personnel responsible for disinfection work in government agencies, residential communities, and public places must strictly follow the instructions of disinfection products, use disinfectants scientifically and rationally in accordance with relevant regulations, and avoid and reduce the abuse of disinfectants.

2. Disinfection products can only be used on the objects marked in the instructions, and cannot be used beyond the scope.

3. Each disinfectant should be used alone, do not mix different types of disinfectants.

4. Prepare the disinfectant strictly according to the concentration in the instructions to ensure the shortest disinfection time in the instructions.

5. Human skin disinfection is mainly carried out on exposed parts such as hands, and it is not necessary to carry out whole-body disinfection. It is best to use commercially available products for disinfectants, such as 75% alcohol, iodophor and hydrogen peroxide disinfectant, and do not make your own disinfectant for skin disinfection.

6. Families should keep disinfectant safely. Do not use beverage bottles to hold disinfectant liquid. Disinfectant should be kept in a cool place out of reach of children.

7. When preparing and using high-concentration disinfectants on special occasions, or using disinfectants for a long time, you should wear appropriate protective equipment, such as gas masks (note that they are not masks), protective gloves (latex or rubber gloves can be used, cotton cloth or cotton threads are not allowed) Gloves). Do not prepare and use disinfectant in a confined space without wearing appropriate protective equipment.

8. Keep good ventilation when using indoors. Before using, thoroughly remove flammable and combustible materials around the place of use. Do not approach heat sources and avoid open flames when using.

9. Before disinfecting the surface of electrical appliances, turn off the power first, and then disinfect the electrical appliances after they have cooled down.

10. After the alcohol is taken every time, the upper cover of the container must be closed immediately, and it is strictly forbidden to open it.

Ⅱ. Common disinfectant poisoning first aid principles

Misusing disinfectants, failing to master the scientific preparation and use methods of disinfectants, or storing disinfectants at home without safety measures, or using beverage bottles to hold disinfectants, causing others to ingest and misuse disinfectants can cause disinfectant poisoning. Most disinfectant poisonings can be cured quickly after reasonable treatment, and only a few (such as a large number of disinfectant ingestion by mistake, mixing chlorine-containing disinfectant and acid in a small space) can cause obvious damage to organs and even endanger life.

Ⅲ. Possible first aid measures include:

1. If the respiratory tract is inhaled, the contact person should leave the poisoning environment immediately and go to a place with fresh air.

2. In case of contact with skin and mucous membranes (including eyes), rinse immediately with plenty of flowing water for more than 10 minutes.

3. For oral contact, milk and rice porridge can be taken orally to protect the gastrointestinal mucosa.

4. If the patient is exposed to a large dose, or the symptoms do not improve, they should be sent to the hospital immediately for further treatment.

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