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Classification of Veterinary Disinfectants

Veterinary disinfectants are used to kill microorganisms on animal surfaces, animal houses, transport vehicles, veterinary surgical instruments and other transmission media to achieve the purpose of disinfection or sterilization. The disinfectant types, according to their active ingredients, can be divided into alcohol-based disinfectants, iodine-containing disinfectants, aldehyde-based disinfectants, peroxide-based disinfectants, phenol-based disinfectants, chlorine-containing disinfectants, ammonium sulfate disinfectants, and guanidine-based disinfectants and bromine-containing disinfectants, etc.


1. Alcohol-based disinfectant products


Alcohol-based disinfectants are medium-effective disinfectants and are mainly used for skin disinfection, medical items disinfection and surface disinfection. Commonly used alcohol-based disinfectants include ethanol, propanol, isopropanol and phenoxyethanol.


The bactericidal effect of alcohol-based disinfectants such as our 75 hand sanitizer gel is affected by factors such as concentration, temperature and organic matter. Sterilization requires a certain amount of water, so the sterilization effect can reach a higher level when it is diluted to a certain extent.


2. Lodine-containing disinfectant products


Iodine-containing disinfectant is a disinfectant with iodine as the main bactericidal component, mainly including iodine tincture, iodophor, etc. Iodine has a good disinfection effect and has long been used as the first choice for surgical disinfection. However, iodine is insoluble in water, so it is often combined with organic solvent carriers (such as ethanol) to play a role in the form of iodine tincture and iodine wine. In order to improve the solubility of iodine, people use surfactants as carriers to help it dissolve, and such combination is called iodophor.


Commonly used dissolving carriers are surfactants such as polyvinylpyrrolidone. Disinfectant products on the wholesale disinfectant products market mainly include iodic acid mixed solution, compound iodine solution and povidone-iodine solution. Iodine-containing disinfectant is a medium-effect disinfectant. Its advantage is that the disinfection effect is strong and fast, and it can be sprayed or taken orally.


It is often used for disinfection of skin, wounds, instruments, etc. in pig farms. It can also be used for disinfection of pens, vehicles, utensils, etc. Since iodine is volatile, sublimated, and easily decomposed when exposed to light, the content of available iodine will decrease when stored for a long time. So it needs to be sealed and stored in the dark. Moreover, the standard electrode potential of iodine is lower than that of oxygen. After contacting with oxygen in the air, it is easily oxidized to IO3- and then loses its bactericidal activity. Therefore, when using iodophor, it should be covered as soon as you opened it to reduce the decay rate of available iodine.


3. Aldehyde disinfectant products


Aldehyde disinfectants are the earliest chemical disinfectants used in history. At present, the main ones used in practical applications are formaldehyde, o-phthalaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, etc.


The common characteristics of aldehyde disinfectants are: strong bactericidal efficacy, broad bactericidal spectrum, and can be used for sterilization. Because of its stable performance, easy storage and transportation, less influence by organic matter, less corrosiveness, it can be used for metal instruments. Therefore, it is widely produced by the disinfectant supplier and commonly used.


4. Peroxide disinfectant products


This type of disinfectant has strong oxidizing ability, and various microorganisms are very sensitive to it, so it can kill all microorganisms. Such disinfectants include hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid, chlorine dioxide, ozone and so on. Their advantage is that no residual toxicity will remain on items after disinfection.


Scope of application: the surface of general object, air disinfection, skin wound cleaning and disinfection, disinfection of corrosion-resistant medical equipment, disinfection of food tools and equipment.

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